When it comes to investing, one of the most important things you can do is portfolio diversification.
This means that you should not put all of your eggs in one basket.
In this blog post, we will discuss the benefits of portfolio diversification and how to go about doing it.
What is Portfolio Diversification?
Portfolio diversification is the process of investing in a variety of different assets in order to reduce risk and maximise returns.
Why is Portfolio Diversification Important?
Portfolio diversification is important because it allows you to reduce your risk while still having the potential to earn a high return on your investment.
When you invest in just one asset, you are putting all of your eggs in one basket. This means that if that one asset fails, you could lose all of your investment.
However, when you diversify your portfolio, you are investing in a number of different assets, which reduces the risk of losing your entire investment if one asset fails.
How to Diversify Your Portfolio - The Process
Now that we have discussed the importance of portfolio diversification, let’s talk about how to go about doing it.
Here are the steps:
1. Set Your Financial Goals
The first step is to set your financial goals. What are you hoping to achieve by investing? Do you want to grow your wealth over time or do you need access to cash in the short-term?
Your answer to these questions will help determine what types of investments are right for you. For example, if you are looking to grow your wealth over time, you may want to invest in stocks or mutual funds.
However, if you need access to cash in the short-term, you may want to invest in bonds or money market accounts.
2. Understand Your Risk Tolerance
The next step is to understand your risk tolerance. This simply means how much risk you are willing to take on when it comes to investing.
There are two types of risk:
Systematic Risk: Risk that is inherent to the markets and cannot be diversified away.
Unsystematic Risk: Risk that is specific to a particular investment.
Your level of risk tolerance will help determine what types of investments are right for you. For example, if you are willing to take on more risk, you may want to invest in stocks.
However, if you are not willing to take on as much risk, you may want to invest in bonds or money market accounts.
3. Determine Your Asset Allocation
Once you have set your financial goals and understand your risk tolerance, you can determine your asset allocation. This simply means how much of your portfolio should be invested in each asset class.
There is no right or wrong answer when it comes to asset allocation. It will vary depending on your individual circumstances.
However, a common rule of thumb is to invest your portfolio in a way that is consistent with your risk tolerance. For example, if you are willing to take on more risk, you may want to allocate more of your portfolio to stocks.
So, if you are not willing to take on as much risk, you may want to allocate more of your portfolio to bonds or cash.
The Bottom Line
Portfolio diversification is an important tool that can help you reduce risk and maximise returns. There is no one-size-fits-all solution in portfolio diversification and depends on your individual circumstances.
By diversifying your portfolio, you are essentially spreading your investment across a number of different assets, which can include stocks, bonds, mutual funds, real estate, and more.
By doing this, you are reducing your chances of losing money if one of your investments fails.
If you are not sure how to diversify your portfolio, Axies Accountants can help you.
To know more, get in touch with us today.